The Therapeutic Effects of Music

“Sacred sounds charge the cortex of the brain and stimulate health and wellness.”
—Dr. Alfred Tomatis

Fifty years ago, the French scientist Dr. Alfred Tomatis was asked to find out the reasons for fatigue and lack of vigor among the monks in a Benedictine monastery. He found that the monks who regularly chanted Gregorian Chants had exceptional memories, coupled with higher energy levels, compared to those who did not chant.

Following this research, Tomatis developed his method of sound therapy addressing children with a range of childhood disorders including auditory processing problems, dyslexia, attention deficit disorders, learning disabilities, and autism. He also treated adults to improve both creativity and attention spans, to fight off depression, and to learn foreign languages faster. Some musicians, singers and actors, such as Gerard Depardieu and Maria Callas, have also said that they found Tomatis’ method helpful for fine-tuning their tonal and harmonic skills.

“Certain frequencies are very healing for the human body. Of course, there are further frequencies, many of which that are not even within the human range of hearing, but they are healing nonetheless,” stated Georges Lakhovsky (1870-1942), the Russian engineer and scientist who believed in healing cancer by using high frequency oscillations to intervene in the communication between living cells. He invented the multiple wave oscillator, which produces high frequency sound vibrations, to heal the living cells in cancer patients. The oscillator proved successful on numerous occasions.

The same cell before and after the frequency oscillation treatment. The picture on the right  shows the healed cell.

Along with Tomatis and Lakhovsky, Einstein also pointed out that “future medicine will be the medicine of frequencies”.

Psychoacoustic laboratory experiments and NASA research have already reinforced this hypothesis. Psychoacoustic tools are now used to boost attention spans and creativity, and to alleviate both mental and physiological illnesses.

I came across these findings about the therapeutic effects of music when I was searching for a way out of a chaotic situation, when despite all my efforts I could not concentrate on my priorities.

Many of you have probably experienced the buzzing noise of everyday life, where there are plenty of distractions and information comes flooding in from every direction. At times, maintaining a focused attention even for a minute is too difficult a task. I believe that in such moments one requires extra energy to concentrate. Personally, I need higher energy levels to focus on even one thing for more than five minutes, let alone actually completing a task. So where do I find this energy?

One answer I found is in high frequency music, when I came across the renowned musician Ostad Elahi’s music. Known as a master of the tanbour, his outstanding music[1] was recorded by Advanced Brain Technologies. It combines psychoacoustic techniques with improvisational music and nature sounds, allowing one to be “swept away on a journey to another time and place”[2]. So, I set up a daily schedule to listen to Ostad Elahi’s Music for the Mind for 10 minutes a day. I continued this daily program for one month. Day after day I noticed that the music resonated with my inner being, and I felt more vibrant, focused, and stronger. It helped me keep my buzzing mind quiet and cleared away the noise of unnecessary thoughts. Only then did I find it possible to dwell in this pure energy, and to get in touch with my creativity. My vision got clearer and I felt more empowered to pursue what I wanted. In this state of mind, it transpired that I could even find the answer to a question I’d had at the back of mind for so long that I had almost given up searching for an answer.  Throughout the period, I kept up this 10-minute attention program while listening to Ostad Elahi’s high frequency Music for the Mind, and I observed the positive effects on my mental capacity, my psyche, and my daily energy level. I noticed that I was more in harmony with myself, I was more positive, and I found it easier to cope with chaos.

What about you? Has there been a composer, a melody, or an instrument that has deeply affected you? You can go ahead and share your thoughts or experiences below.

Duygu Bruce
March 2, 2019

[1] Specifically, Music for the Mind
[2] Music for the Mind booklet, back page.

 

 

The Medicinal Herbs of King Solomon

How the Medicinal Herbs Grew in the Temple of Solomon-the Farther Mosque when Solomon entered it daily for worshipping and to guide the worshippers

It was ordained by the Divine to David that the Farther Mosque would be built by his son, Solomon. When Solomon began the building the Farther Mosque, also known as the Temple of Solomon, it was like no other building seen. Every stone in the building that was broken off from the nearby mountain –was saying clearly,

  “Take me along!”  Those doors and walls had become living. Like the door and the wall of   the body, it is endowed with intelligence and it is living for it belongs to the King of kings. This edifice resembles its foundation –which is knowledge and action. The excellence of that mosque which the prophets build is not from earth and stone, but (because) there is no greed or enmity in its builder. (IV, 470-480, 1138)

 After its completion, when Solomon went into the Mosque “to guide the worshippers in the right way, sometimes by speech and melody and harmony, sometimes by act –a bowing or a prayer. The act which draws together people more powerfully, for it reaches the soul of every one that has hearing and the deaf.” (IV, 480-485, p.298)

Temple of Solomon, archives of Bibliatunalmany, Hungary

Every morning when Solomon came and supplication
in the Farther Mosque,

He saw that a new plant had grown there; then he would say,
“Tell me thy name and use.

What medicine are you? What are you? What is your name?
To whom are you hurtful and for whom is your usefulness?”

Then every plant would tell his effect and name, saying,
“I am life to that one and death to this one.

I am poison to this one, and sugar to that one: this is my name
inscribed on the Tablet by the pen of the Divine Essence.”

Then by hearing from Solomon about those plants, the
physicians became learned and wise authorities on medicine;

So that they compiled medical books and were relieving
the body from pain.

This astronomy and medicine (knowledge) is given by
Divine inspiration to the prophets: where is the way for intellect and sense

Where is the way for intellect and sense
to advance towards that which is without (spatial) direction?

The particular (individual) intellect is not the intellect
capable of production: it is only the receiver of science and is in need of teaching.

This intellect is capable of being taught and apprehending but only the man
Possessed of Divine inspiration gives the teaching which it requires.

Assuredly, in their beginning, all trades (crafts and professions) were derived from
Divine inspiration, but the intellect added something to them.

Consider whether this intellect of ours can learn any trade
without a master.

Although the intellect was hair-splitting (subtle and ingenious) in inventing,
no trade was brought to mind without a master.

If knowledge of a trade were derived from this intellect,
any trade would be acquired without a master.

(IV, 1290-1300)

The Mathnawi of Jalâlud’dîn Rumi translated by Reynold A. Nicholson, Sang-e Meel Publications, 2nd Ed. 2007.

 

The Divine Comedy

 

But already my desire and my will
Were being turned like a wheel, all at one speed,
By the love which moves the sun and the other stars.

Dante Alighieri
[1265 Florence-1321 Ravenna]

Considered as one of the “chefs-d’oeuvre of literature” by Gustave Doré, the French painter,  Dante’s epic story describing the fascinating voyage to the afterlife is never outdated. Written in Italian at the time when Latin was the literary language, The Divine Comedy  has become timeless. Dante’s voyage, which he started to write at the age of 35 when he was sent to exile, is more than an individual voyage. It represents a communal journey on becoming human, and on the immortality of the soul. Unfolding the meaning of life and death, of this world and the other world, and of the ephemeral and the eternal, it shows what awaits us in the other world and how human beings contribute to their eternal destiny.  

Throughout the book, the scenes are played up with such strong and vivid imagery that I naturally stepped in and witnessed the realms of the other world –Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The effects of the scenes and the characters were striking as real as if in real time, arousing in me a variety of feelings from awe, astonishment, to dread, bliss and elation as the settings changed from a terrifying circle of hell to a sublime corner of contemplation, and further on to an exhilarating realm in paradise.

The journey has its dangers but Dante is under the assuring supervision of the two guides whom he knows from his life on earth –Virgil and Beatrice. Virgil leads him through the gates of Hell and on to Inferno and Purgatorio. Beatrice, Dante’s platonic and mystical love since childhood, and who died at an early age, greets him at the outside border of Purgatorio to guide him across the stages of Paradiso.

Upon leaving the earth, Virgil and Dante meet Charon, the boatman, to get across the river Acheron to the gates of Hell.

                                 Michelangelo, The Last Judgement, Sistine Chapel
         They cling to the boat to be saved from hell but are thrown back by Charon’s oar.

The next terrifying scene takes place at the gates of Hell where sits the leopard, the lion, and the wolf, representing lust, pride and avarice respectively; wanting to subjugate Dante and Virgil but Virgil masterfully outwits and eludes them.  

  The Gates of Hell, Gustave Doré

After passing the gates of Hell, Dante and Virgil enter Inferno. Inferno is shaped like an inverted funnel comprised of 9 circles; each circle represents a different vice or weakness of human nature, and its retribution.

    Inferno, S. Boticelli

1st circle : good pagans and leaders
2nd circle: sexually promiscuous
3rd circle: the gluttons
4th circle: thieves and spendthrift wasters
5th circle: the angry ones
The gates of lower hell, the city of Dis
6th circle: heretics
7th circle: violence: the violent ones against nature, property and body; murderers, tyrants, the blasphemous, sexual perverts, the ones who commit suicide
8th circle: fraud and corruption: false prophets, hypocrites, fraudulent advisors, politicians, seducers, flatterers, swindlers, sorcerers
9th circle: treachery: traitors to family and friends, to guests, to law, to country and to God.
Center point of the earth: the evil –Lucifer (Satan), who was originally created with the highest intelligence but was rejected from heaven because of his rebellion, and pride (Purgatorio XII.25).

The residents of Inferno are called the dead, they live the shadows of the mistakes they have committed in life. They perpetually endure the same “bad acts” they have done to others on Earth, being fully aware of their situation, and yet imprisoned in their own wrongdoings. The punishments have strong physical representations which intensify the reality of the experiences, in settings such as dark forests, deep swamps, ice or rugged mountains. 

Each circle of Inferno felt so frighteningly real that in the end I was relieved to be out of that realm with the take away question: what if one prepares his own Hell by his conduct? The sharp effects of Inferno lasted in my thoughts as I kept pondering about the truth of the circles and how to avoid the everyday temptations of life in order not to end up imprisoned in the big circle of my own defaults, and how to practice becoming a true human being …

   Gustave Doré
  Virgil addressing the false conselors in the deep abyss.

Passing the point of contemplation, mixed with somewhat relief, the journey continues to the evil’s residence located in the deepest center of the earth where a strong gravitational force is pulling the human beings down. Evil is never apart from mankind since the day God has granted human beings freewill making them susceptible to the temptations of evil (Inferno XXXIV. 110-111). Such was the story of Adam who was naturally disposed to the good, before he fell from Eden by eating the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil (Paradiso VII.26).  The residence of evil and his proximity to us humans kept me wondering: as much as I enjoy my liberty and my freedom of choice, what a huge responsibility it is to have freewill placed in the hands of mankind!

Leaving Inferno behind, one enters Purgatorio which is the realm of purification from the worldly mistakes and sins committed with a hint of greed, envy, insatiable pleasure seeking, or anger. The sensations of remorse and love envelop the spheres of Purgatorio, and the hope of salvation remains.

Among the many educative scenarios of Purgatoiro, I found the valley of whispering thoughts daunting because the ceaseless whispers created a chaotic and hesitant mind, confounding reason and causing one to be imprisoned in the unnerving trap of “what will I do now?”  In response to the bewilderment of Dante, Virgil describes it as one of the worst situations humans can fall in, for too much thought can be dangerous, and it may paralyze action:

Why is your mind so caught up in a tangle,”
My master said, “that you slacken your pace?
And what does all this whispering matter to you?
 
Come on behind me, let those people talk;
Stand like a solid tower which does not shake
Its top whatever winds are blowing on it;
 
Because the man in whom thoughts bubble up
One after the other, goes wide of the mark,
Because one thought weakens the force of the another.
Purgatorio V. 10-16.

Another lesson from a scene in Purgatorio has made a deep effect on me. It was in the  allegory of humility against pride, as strongly vivified by Gustave Doré who did most impressive paintings and illustrations for Divine Comedy. As I read through the beautiful allegory, I tried to find the answer to the question what it takes to be humble, and took it further to when and to whom to be humble? Another take away question…

                                                                    Gustave Doré
Allegory to humility; the proud bow and bend their knees under the weight of the stones they are carrying

The residents of Purgatorio endure their trials, in the shadows of their tainted thoughts of the past, and make effort to purify their souls. The hope of gaining back the dignity of the soul is at stake…On the summit of the Purgatorio, the river Lethe is situated. It is the river of forgetfulness, the waters of which remove painful memories of past mistakes and sins, and vivify the soul. The redeemed souls who finish their time in Purgatorio wash in this river and pass on to a stage in Paradiso.

Paradiso, ruled by justice and reason, is filled with love and the grace of divine benevolence. Among the cardinal virtues which bring people to Paradiso, Dante distinguishes pure faith, altruism, prudence, and courage. Souls naturally have different constitutions by creation. Their potential capacities are different, but God treats them with equity, in the sense that his grace fills the individual souls in proportion to their innate capacities for love and for reason (Paradiso III.89-90). 

Now you are wondering and wondering, say nothing;
But I will loosen for the hard bonds
In which your subtle thoughts are tying you up.

Within the length and the breadth of this kingdom
There is no such thing as a place left for chance,
Any more than there is sadness, thirst or hunger;

For whatever you see has been established
By eternal law, so that everything fits
As closely as the ring does to the finger.

The king by whose power this kingdom stays
In so much love and in such delight
That no one dares to will anything beyond it,

Creating all minds in the happiness
Of his own sight, endows them with grace
Differently, as He pleases; and that is enough.
Paradiso XXXII. 49-64.

 

           Salvador Dali

Beatrice is entrusted with the mission to guide Dante across the stages of Paradiso, in the higher realm located outside the earth. It is shaped like an amphitheater made of 9 circles. Each circle is represented by a planet and the highest of them arches to the realm of infinity.  

Moon –represents inconsistency: place of those who are good in heart but could not complete their vows
Mercury- represents love of fame, those who did good works but for glory and fame remain here.
Venus –planet of carnal love, for ones who are in the grip of strong material attractions
Sun –symbol of God’s illuminating grace, ultimate wisdom
Mars –courage
Jupiter – justice
Saturn – moderation and restraint
8th heaven –of faith, hope and love. Ladder of contemplation from Saturn reaches up here
9th heaven –Crystalline, the fastest sphere and the furthest of the material heavens; time, space and nature begin here
10th heaven –Empyrean, the Essence which is beyond space, time and matter

The descriptions become more abstract and symbolic as one advances in Paradiso. It is lucid, it is light and the level of happiness increases as one goes higher up. The voyager can attain Bliss, the eternal happiness of the soul, by being righteous, by practicing virtues and by purifying the soul. Obstacles in the pursuit of happiness are nothing but human faults and weaknesses. Spiritual maturity can only be gained with practice, knowledge, reason, and love. 

We are all naturally endowed with the instinct of love and that is our primal will granted us by the Creator. All created things have implanted in them an instinct or “natural love” (Purgatorio XVII.91-94) which carries them to the pre-ordained place: for example, that in fire draws it towards the sphere of fire, and that in matter draws it down towards the central point of the earth. But man’s instinct as a rational soul is natural love or “primal will” (Purgatorio XVIII.49-60) that draws him back to the “intellectual light, full of love” of the Creator in the Empyrean.
Paradiso XXX. 40.

A renowned verse that I like for the meaning is deep but lucid, the words are short but melodic:  

E’n la sua voluntade è nostra pace.
(And in his will we find our peace.)
Paradiso III. 85

Dante describes the blessed souls as the ones who could reach the level of comprehending the Truth and who acquired the merit to be in the presence of God. They are to remain there eternally in absolute felicity of being in His union. Empyrean …It is the sea to which everything flows is the 10th and the final stage – where all is encompassed in pure light. It is the seat of God and the archangels who are close to him. It is here in Empyrean when, under divine illumination, Dante sees the face of God in Beatrice.

I saw rain down upon her so much happiness
Borne by those holy intelligences
Which were created to fly at such high altitudes,

That all I had seen before that
Did not keep me so suspended in wonder
Nor showed me so much of what God was like.

And that love which came down to her
Singing “Ave Maria, gratia plena”
Spread his wings out before her now.
Paradiso XXXII. 88-94.

 

              Salvador Dali

 

Duygu Bruce
January 18, 2019

 

Translated by: C.H. Sisson with an introduction and notes by D.H. Higgins, Oxford World Classics, Oxford University Press, 2008.

 

 

Sources of Compassion and Happiness

 

I have been pondering on the question: Is compassion inborn or can it be acquired through learning and practicing in a lifetime? Though I easily recognize compassion when I see it in another person, it is difficult for me to evaluate how compassionate I am as a person or if the degree of my compassion varies depending on the context. When I observe the people (more…)

The Novice Who Had Some Gold


A novice had a little store of gold.
His sheikh knew this, although he had not been told.

There was a journey that they had to make –
The two set out, the young man and his sheikh;

Then night came to the valley where they walked,
And into the path they followed forked,

The novice trembled for his hidden gold
(Which makes its owners less than bold);

“Which way to you advise?” he asked his sheikh.
“There are two paths; which is the best to take?”

The sheikh said: “Throw out what you cannot hide,
Then either way will do –you decide.”

Let gold win someone’s heart, and when that is done
Even the devil, out of fear, will run.

When gold is weighed, what arguments ensue:
“One grain too many!” “No, one grain too few!”

A king when cheating people, but a fool
When faith is mentioned –a bewildered mule.

The man whom shining gold can lead astray
Is captured by the world, he is lost his Way.

October 25, 2018

Farîd-od-Dîn ‘Attâr (1146-1221). The Canticle of the Birds. Translated from the Persian by Afkham Darbandi and Dick Davis. Paris: Diane de Selliers, Éditeur, 2013.

The Moths and the Flame

 

Moths gathered in a fluttering throng one night
To learn the truth about the candle’s light,

And they decided one of them should go
To gather news of the elusive glow.

One flew till the distance he discerned
A palace window where a candle burned – (more…)

Words of Truth

On the path of Truth, all faiths and religions are one, race and color have no relevance, and there is no difference between men and women.[1]

This saying is from Words of Truth, the unique book of wisdom I am going to write about today. Compiled by Dr. Bahram Elahi, Words of Truth is a collection of sayings based on the teachings of his father Ostad Elahi (1895-1974). Having read it a few years ago, I go back to it whenever I am in need of an answer or looking for guidance. It is a handbook of wisdom, and of practical points on how to conduct a “good life” while becoming a true human being.

Ostad Elahi was a renowned Persian magistrate and musician who dedicated his life to the search of Truth, and to acquiring self-knowledge. Having spent first 25 years of his life in asceticism and traditional spirituality, he renounced traditional mysticism in order to join society. He undertook the judicial career to become a magistrate, and started to build his innovative approach to spirituality. Ostad Elahi’s approach is based on his personal experiences, observations, and research. The key features of his teachings are practical and adaptable to everyday life, regardless of religion or gender.

His lifetime quest for Truth resumes:

“Truth” is knowing what we are, where we have come from, what duties we have here and where our ultimate destination lies. To access the Truth, we must devote ourselves to the pursuit of this knowledge and seek to understand it through practice.[2]

 In this quest for Truth, the essential prerequisite is to become truly human.

A true human being’s natural inclination is to always strive to have a positive impact; his actions benefit society and he is well-liked by others. In other words, when a person becomes truly human, his nature dictates that his actions always be beneficent[3]…[he] rejoices in the happiness of others and shares in their sorrows. The other sign of a true human being is to feel an aversion toward vile deeds and all that is contrary to one’s conscience and dignity.[4]

 However, there is a major obstacle in the pursuit of Truth, which is the inevitable “confrontation with the imperious self”[5]. This confrontation entails an ongoing fight against the imperious self’s instincts and illegitimate desires that urge for immediate gratification. It also does not take into account reason or law, or the rights of the others. This fight thus accumulates “a strong negative psychic energy which is harmful for the soul and which prevents us to see the Truth”[6].

One should strive to strengthen the body, while at the same time fortifying the soul such that the body, with all its means, remains subservient to the soul. This approach to confronting the imperious self is analogous to a new science of medicine intended to purify the soul that I’ve come to realize through personal experience. The whole of the twelve years of asceticism that I endured prior to entering public service had less spiritual value than just a single year spent in a professional work environment.[7]

 The coherence of one’s actions, words and conduct in society is emphasized as an essential part of becoming human.

Words are one thing, for them to have an impact is another. By practicing that which we believe, our actions and words are endowed with impact. It is action alone that yields impact.[8]

Throughout the book, one can find answers to essential questions such as:

  • How to become a true human being and remain virtuous while living in society?
  • How to fight against the imperious self and advance in our quest for the Truth?
  • The immortality of the soul and what awaits us in the other world?

Words of Truth may be like a treatment for the soul. Every time I reopen this book and read even a few words, it cultivates an inner richness in me, and I see its noticeable impact on my everyday life. Its simple and sincere language provides me with the tools I need to enrich my self-knowledge and, who knows, to become one day a true human being.

If you want to discover Words of Truth for yourself, it’s published and available in the following languages:

D.Bruce

15 June 2018

[1] Saying 21

[2] Saying 1

[3] Saying 4

[4] Saying 277

[5] Introduction, French edition page 16 (translated by the author of this article) .

[6] Introduction, French edition page 16.

[7] Saying 322

[8] Saying 337

Homage to Hafez-e Shirazi

 

A flower- tinted cheek, the flowery close

Of the fair earth, these are enough for me –

Enough that in the meadow wanes and grows

The shadow of a graceful cypress tree.

I am no lover of hypocrisy;

Of all the treasures that the earth can boast,

A brimming cup of wine I prize the most –

This is enough for me!

 

To them that here renowned for virtue live,

A heavenly palace is the meet reward;

To me, the drunkard and the beggar, give

The temple of the grape with red wine stored!

Beside a river seat thee on the sward;

It floweth past –so flows thy life away,

So sweetly, swiftly, fleets our little day –

Swift, but enough for me!

 

Look upon all the gold in the world’s mart,

On all the tears the world hath shed in vain;

Shall they not satisfy thy craving heart?

I have enough of loss, enough of gain;

I have my Love, what more can I obtain?

Mine is the joy of her companionship

Whose healing lip is laid on my lip –

This is enough for me!

 

I pray thee send not forth my naked soul

From its poor house to seek for paradise;

Though heaven and earth before me God unroll,

Back to thy village still my spirit flies.

And, Hafız, at the door of Kısmet lies

No just complaint –a mind like water clear,

A song that swells and dies upon the ear,

This is enough for me!

 

Hafez-e Shirazi

Translated by Gertrude Bell

The Hafez Poems of Gertrude Bell. 2007. Maryland: Ibex Publishers, p.73.

 

1 2 3 4

Caminin önünde ve iki yanında geniş cami halısı dış avlusu olup bunun çevresi pencereli duvarlarla çevrilidir. Bu avulya 3 ü cephede olmak üzere, 8 kapıdan girilir. Şadırvan avlusu, 26 adet granit mermer ve porfir sütuna oturtulmuş, 30 kubbeyle çevrili geniş alandır. Mermer döşemeli bu geniş sahanın ortasında 6 mermer sütunlu şadırvan, sahanın azametini gösterir. Şadırvanın kemerleri, kabartma olarak Rumi geçmelerle ve köşebentleri, kabartma, lale ve karanfil motifleriyle bezelidir. İç avluya, biri cepheden ikisi yandan olmak üzere herbiri merdivenli 3 kapıdan girilmektedir. Bu kapılarla dış avlunun cümle kapısı, ozamana kadar benzeri görülmemiş bronz kapılardır. Kubbeden aşağı doğru indikçe mekan yayılmaktadır. Bu piramidel yükselme ve yayılma sonucunda göz yanlara ve yukarıya doğru aynı mesafelere ulaşmaktadır. Bu özelliklerden dolayı, mekanın neresinde olursanız olun, bütün mekana hakim görüş sağlarsınız. Kubbe yaklaşık olarak 43 metre yükseklikte ve köşeleri pandantifle doldurulmuş 4 muazzam kemer üzerine oturtulmaktadır. Caminin su basmanı üzerinde olması ve kubbe yüksekliği nedeniyle pencereleri oldukça fazladır. Böylece caminin içini süsleyen binlerce çini ve kalem işleri tatlı ışık altında görülmektedir. Caminin içindeki en önemli unsur, ince işçilikle yontulmuş mermerden yapılma mihraptır. Bitişik duvarları, seramik çinilerle kaplanmıştır fakat çevresindeki çok sayıdaki pencere onu daha az ihtişamlı gösterir. Mihrabın sağında, Caminin en kalabalık halinde dahi olsa, herkesin imamı rahatça duyabileceği şekilde dekore edilmiş mimber bulunur. Caminin içi her katında alçak düzeyde olmak üzere 50 farklı lale deseninden üretilmiş 20binden fazla çini ile döşenmiştir. Alt seviyelerdeki çiniler, geleneksel galerideki çinilerin desenleri çiçekler meyveler ve servilerle gösterişli ve ihtişamlıdır.
Onlarca birbirinden farklı ribon çeşidiyle firmamız, sizlere en kaliteli ürünü en uygun fiyatlardan vermeyi amaçlıyor. Resin ribonlar daha çok sentetik ve plastik etiketler için uygundur. Fiyatları Wax Resine göre daha pahalıdır. Resin ribon en dayanıklı ribon çeşididir. Aşınmaya, kimyasallara ve yüksek ısıya maruz kalacak etiketlerde tercih edilir.Tekstil baskılarında en ağır yıkamalara dayanıklı ribon olan resin ribon alkol testinde de çıkmamaktadır. Resin ribonla polyester, polimid, polipropilen ve polietilen etiketlere baskı yapmak mümkündür. Reçine oranı diğer türlere kıyasla en yüksek seviyededir. Karışımında karbon, bazı kimyasallar, reçine ve balmumu kullanılır. Wax Resin ribonlar adından da anlaşılacağı üzere wax ile resin kalite ribon arasındadır. Fiyat olarak wax ribonların ortalama olarak 2 katı fiyatında resin ribonların ise yarı fiyatındadır. Bazı barkod yazıcılar normalde kağıt bazlı etiketler üzerine baskı için wax ribon kullanılması gerekiyorken wax resin ribona ihtiyaç duyarlar. Bu durum barkod yazıcının baskı kafası ile alakalıdır. Wax ribon, genel amaç ile ekonomik olarak termal transferi yapılmasını sağlayan ribon çeşididir. Kağıt bazlı etiketlere baskı alırken kullandığımız wax ribonlar uygun fiyatları ile de baskı maliyetini düşüren ribon çeşididir. Plastik bazlı etiketler hariç diğer tüm etiketlerin %90′ ına yakınına wax ribon ile baskı alabilirsiniz.
mide küçültme ameliyatı, zayıflamak isteyenler için kesin bir çözüm sunuyor. Üstelik çok kısa bir süre içersinde hayal ettiğiniz kilolara kavuşabilirsiniz.